The operation of communication networks is hanging by a thin thread, almost always associated with the data that leaves the operator to configure the WiFi router that we have installed.
For basic usage with a few connected devices, the router provides the operator will suffice. But soon you need to connect a larger number of devices or want to do some advanced settings, things get complicated. For example, in the case of having to connect two computers, two mobile, tablet, TV, an IP camera and a video game console, the ideal is to have a dual-band router network 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz to define two independent WiFi: one for devices that handle multimedia technology using 5 GHz and another for those who are dedicated to connect to the web, read email or use messaging technology using 2.4 GHz.
In addition, for local networks using cable Ethernet, the ideal is to have technology, Gigabit Ethernet, which is generally not available in the routers of the operators. If you have a NAS, for example, optimum performance is achieved by connecting a Gigabit network cable.
The connection speeds of WiFi network router operators seldom exceed 300 Mbps, while there are already models that offer high ranges up to 450 Mbps. And features such as router configuration begin to appear “in the cloud” in Instead of, or in addition to, using the direct link to the hardware itself. If you want to have this type of technology will have to address the need to mess with your local network.
In any case, having your own router has the advantage that all have adjusted to your liking and according to your needs. And it will be easier to make adjustments. Among them, check whether someone without permission connects to your network, or prevent someone do it through systems such as MAC address filtering, or policies set parental control for smaller computers. These are tasks that equipment operators are not always possible or easy to configure.
What is required?
The data needed to configure new devices in a home network are not many. If you want to use the WiFi network, just need the name of the network (the SSID) and password, which usually is a hell of a compound jet alphanumeric characters we have to type on computers, smartphones, Smart TVs, IP cameras, tablets or any other device to be connected to the Internet.
If we use an Ethernet cable plugged into the jacks on the router, the process is usually easier. When entering the cable correctly in RJ45 input on the back of the computer, we will have internet connection with other devices attached to the same router.
Generally, teams that leave us installed the operators, whether DSL or cable are not of exceptional quality. They usually provide connectivity in the 2.4 GHz and Ethernet connections available, either one or four, usually of type 10/100 Mbps Ethernet instead of Gigabit.
Also, how to use this Internet connection is usually something like magic: things work following the ritual and have told us, if it fails, we can not solve problems by ourselves. We depend on the number for all customers. And, of course, think about making improvements to the network is usually a matter of state, which makes for to go to a professional service that makes us the configuration or ask for help from a friend who understands these issues.
In this handy item, try offer an outline of how to take control of your network or install some improvements enabling enjoy a higher quality use or define the operating parameters yourself.
The importance of the router
The central component of any home network that relies on the services of a telecommunications operator offering broadband communications is the modem. This device is connected, on the one hand, the telephone cable RJ11 (ADSL), the coaxial (Ono) or of optical fiber (Telefónica), and secondly, it offers Ethernet connectivity, which is the standard network to connect from a computer to a router.
The latter is the one most essential component in a local network and is responsible for multiple destinations to provide Internet connection that comes through ADSL, cable or fiber optics. This can be the same computer (modem router) or not. Greater flexibility is held mode modem and router separately, although for ADSL connections mostly operators offer a range device. For cable or optical fiber, it is usual to have them separately, facilitating changes in the network installation.
In this article, we start from the basis that it will install a new router, regardless of the one provided by the operator. If it is an ADSL modem router, most complications will be in the configuration of the ADSL connection parameters, which are entered manually or automatically using the installation CD that came with the hardware provided by the operator.
If it is a modem-router again, these parameters have to configure them yourself on the computer you purchased. If you do not find the information, go to the phone support your carrier or the Internet, where there are numerous compilations of these data tabulated by operators. Generally, you only need to know the following:
• IP type (static or dynamic)
• Protocol (PPPoA, PPPoE, RFC 1483)
• VPI / VCI (comes in a pair, such that 8/32, 0/35, etc.)
• Encapsulation Mode (VC-MUX, LLC-Bridging, LLC-SNAP…)
• Username (can be from nothing to adslppp @ telefonicanetpa, user @ orangeadsl, etc.)
• Password (can be from nothing to adslppp or any value provided by the operator)
• DNS (there are one or two pairs of IP addresses, such that 220.127.116.11)
All these data must be entered using the wizard on the router you have purchased or performing advanced settings via its web interface menu.